DCPIP – 2,6-DiChloroPhenolIndoPhenol (5gr)
DCPIP can be used to measure the rate of photosynthesis. It is part of the Hill reagents family. When exposed to light in a photosynthetic system, the dye is decolorised by chemical reduction. DCPIP has a higher affinity for electrons than ferredoxin and the photosynthetic electron transport chain can reduce DCPIP as a substitute for NADP+, that is normally the final electron carrier in photosynthesis. As DCPIP is reduced and becomes colorless, the resultant increase in light transmittance can be measured using a spectrophotometer.
DCPIP can also be used as an indicator for vitamin C. If vitamin C, which is a good reducing agent, is present, the blue dye, which turns pink in acid conditions, is reduced to a colorless compound by ascorbic acid. This reaction is a redox reaction: vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is oxidized to dehydroascorbic acid, and DCPIP is reduced to the colorless compound DCPIPH2
- DCPIP (blue) + H+ → DCPIPH (pink)
- DCPIPH (pink) + vitamin C → DCPIPH2 (colorless)
In this titration, when all the ascorbic acid in the solution has been used up, there will not be any electrons available to reduce the DCPIPH and the solution remains pink due to the DCPIPH. The end point is a pink color that persists for 10 seconds or more, if there is not enough ascorbic acid to reduce all of the DCPIPH. Pharmacological experiments suggest that DCPIP may serve as a pro-oxidant chemotherapeutic targeting human cancer cells in an animal model of human melanoma; DCPIP-induced cancer cell death occurs by depletion of intracellular glutathione and upregulation of oxidative stress.